Search
Filters

03518 STRESS CORROSION CRACKING OF 304L STAINLESS STEEL IN SODIUM SULFIDE-CONTAINING CAUSTIC SOLUTIONS

Austenitic stainless steels are susceptible to caustic stress corrosion cracking (SCC) above 121°C.  When sulfides are present in caustic solutions the SCC has been reported to occur at lower temperatures. This paper discusses a study of the role of sulfide in caustic solutions on SCC of austenitic stainless at T=~50°C.

Product Number: 51300-03518-SG
ISBN: 03518 2003 CP
Author: Preet M. Singh, Oluwatosin Ige, Jamshad Mahmood
Publication Date: 2003
$0.00
$20.00
$20.00

Austenitic stainless steels are known to be susceptible to caustic stress corrosion cracking (SCC) above approximately 121°C. However, when sulfides are present in caustic solutions the SCC of austenitic stainless steels has been reported to occur at lower temperatures. Hot sulfide-containing caustic solutions are of interest to various industrial chemical processes including pulp and paper as well asd nuclear industry. Hot sulfide-containing caustic solution (white liquor) is used in the kraft pulping process in the pulp and paper industry. Different concentrations of sulfide and hydroxide concentrations, along with other chemicals, are encountered in different process streams of the pulp mills and therefore are of interest for further investigation. One example of such a problem is cracking of composite tubes. These tubes have an outer layer of stainless steel 304L and an inner shell of c-steel and are typically used for the floor and lower furnace waterwalls in kraft recovery boilers. Field observations and laboratory data have indicated that the stress corrosion cracking of composite tubes occurs predominantly during the boiler shutdown. One of the corrosive environments under scrutiny is the "stagnant floor water" rich in sulfide and hydroxide due to their high solubility, which may form on the boiler floor during shutdown. This paper discusses results of a systematic study conducted to understand the role of sulfide in caustic solutions on SCC of austenitic stainless steel at temperatures as low as 50°C where caustic SCC is generally not expected in hydroxide solutions alone.

Keywords: Stress Corrosion Cracking, Caustic Cracking, Caustic Solution, Sulfide-containing, 304L stainless steel, Austenitic Stainless Steel, Slow Strain Rate Tests, Pulp mill, Kraft, Kraft Pulping liquor, Recovery Boiler, Composite Tubes, White Liquor

Austenitic stainless steels are known to be susceptible to caustic stress corrosion cracking (SCC) above approximately 121°C. However, when sulfides are present in caustic solutions the SCC of austenitic stainless steels has been reported to occur at lower temperatures. Hot sulfide-containing caustic solutions are of interest to various industrial chemical processes including pulp and paper as well asd nuclear industry. Hot sulfide-containing caustic solution (white liquor) is used in the kraft pulping process in the pulp and paper industry. Different concentrations of sulfide and hydroxide concentrations, along with other chemicals, are encountered in different process streams of the pulp mills and therefore are of interest for further investigation. One example of such a problem is cracking of composite tubes. These tubes have an outer layer of stainless steel 304L and an inner shell of c-steel and are typically used for the floor and lower furnace waterwalls in kraft recovery boilers. Field observations and laboratory data have indicated that the stress corrosion cracking of composite tubes occurs predominantly during the boiler shutdown. One of the corrosive environments under scrutiny is the "stagnant floor water" rich in sulfide and hydroxide due to their high solubility, which may form on the boiler floor during shutdown. This paper discusses results of a systematic study conducted to understand the role of sulfide in caustic solutions on SCC of austenitic stainless steel at temperatures as low as 50°C where caustic SCC is generally not expected in hydroxide solutions alone.

Keywords: Stress Corrosion Cracking, Caustic Cracking, Caustic Solution, Sulfide-containing, 304L stainless steel, Austenitic Stainless Steel, Slow Strain Rate Tests, Pulp mill, Kraft, Kraft Pulping liquor, Recovery Boiler, Composite Tubes, White Liquor

PRICE BREAKS - The more you buy, the more you save
Quantity
1+
5+
Price
$20.00
$20.00
Also Purchased
Picture for 00596 STRESS CORROSION CRACKING OF STAINLESS
Available for download

00596 STRESS CORROSION CRACKING OF STAINLESS ALLOYS IN OXYGENATED CAUSTIC ENVIRONMENTS

Product Number: 51300-00596-SG
ISBN: 00596 2000 CP
Author: Stephen Clarke
$20.00
Picture for 04555 Caustic Stress Corrosion Cracking of 304
Available for download

04555 Caustic Stress Corrosion Cracking of 304 SS Incinerator Material

Product Number: 51300-04555-SG
ISBN: 04555 2004 CP
Author: Ali M. Babakr, Abdul Aziz Al-Meshari, and Samuel Thomas, SABIC STC-J
$20.00