Case study: Cracking occurred in a (UNS S32100) type austenitic stainless steel nozzle fitting at a low point in the reactor effluent piping in a Gasoil Hydrotreater unit following start up. Normal preventive measures had been taken. The failed sample was removed for metallurgical analysis and determination of mechanism(s).
Since 1982, there has been a move to Thermal Sprayed Aluminum (TSA) coating in the “splash zone” of offshore structures. Our experience indicates that an experience applicator, good surface preparation and quality of wire combined to achieve required thickness and apply the sealer to seal the entire surface.
Corrosion Under Insulation (CUI) in pipingc systems consumes a significant percent of the maintenance budget in the petrochemical industry. Prevention of CUI by the use of (1) thermal spray aluminum, (2) stainless steel pipe, (3) expanded metal cages for personnel protection instead of insulation and (4) aluminum foil wrapping are discussed in terms of long term protection, installed cost and Life cycle cost.