How calcareous deposits formation in seawater influences the performance of a galvanic cathodic protection (CP) system in seawater. Coupling current measured. A resistance set between the cathode and the anode simulated circuit resistance of CP. Steel cathode potential over immersion time. Calcareous deposits analyzed by X-Ray Diffraction.
Analysis of the Sunde’s equation for multiple electrodes in horizontal configurationsis done in order to show that this equation cannot be used in the case of typical cathodic protection design. An accurate approach to horizontal anode groundbed design and understanding of the theory behind groundbed resistance equations.
This paper contains a review of commonly used practices and presents a generalized technique for the calculation of earth potentials for the determination of remoteness of impressed current anode ground beds. The intent is to facilitate proper design and evaluation of anode ground beds of impressed current cathodic protection system for cross-country pipelines.