Three layer polypropylene (3LPP) pipeline coatings failed prematurely in the oilfields of Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). A failure investigation and analysis into this phenomenon was instigated. The coating disbondment has been found to be due to high residual stress concentration and adhesion loss.
In this paper, failure analysis methodology will be applied to the principal mechanisms by which FBE coatings fail during long term service; with specific application to case studies involving blistering. The case studies apply standard failure analysis techniques to determine the primary causes and modes of failures.
Observations and guidelines to conduct hydrostatic pressure tests of pipelines and/or process equipment. Concerns for hydrostatic pressure tests relate to the water itself, including any suspended solids, dissolved oxygen, or any Sulfate Reducing Bacteria (SRB) or Acid Producing Bacteria (APB) present in the test water.