A Novel Method for the Enhanced Kill of Sulfate Reducing Microorganisms

Hydrogen sulfide gas produced by sulfate reducing microorganisms (SRM) creates significant challenges in the petroleum industry including corrosion concerns, product devaluation, and significant health risks. Biocides and inhibitors are often employed to control these detrimental activities. Recently, co-injection of a synergistic blend of biocides and the SRM inhibitor, nitrite, was proposed as an effective means to control biogenic sulfide production, however, the method only addressed inhibition of SRM activity and not kill. Inhibition can have the undesirable consequence of allowing SRM to resume full activity once the inhibitor is depleted, thus requiring the continuous input of expensive chemicals to maintain control. On the other hand, biocides are designed to reduce SRM concentrations thus reducing the need to add additional chemical until the SRM population re-establishes. Lab results, using an SRM field enrichment, demonstrated that the sequential injection of nitrite inhibitor followed by glutaraldehyde led to an 8-log reduction in SRM while only a 2-log reduction when co-injecting these chemicals at equivalent concentrations. It is proposed that pretreatment with the inhibitor, nitrite, or other respiratory inhibitor, results in a reduction in cellular ATP of the SRM creating a sublethal stress response allowing for their enhanced kill upon subsequent biocide addition. 

Product Number: 51320-14412-SG
Author: Gary E. Jenneman
Publication Date: 2020
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A New System of Corrosion Flow Loops and Some Experimental Results

Product Number: 51320-14435-SG
Author: Zhu Jin-yang, Jin Ying, Wen Lei, Xue Yan-peng, Honda Hiroshi
Publication Date: 2020