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An Overlooked Corrosion Risk? The Incompatibility of Biocides and Oxygen Scavengers

The present study aimed to determine the effectiveness of isothiazolinone compared to DBNPA against three representative groups of oilfield bacteria, at a range of concentrations in the presence and absence of an oxygen scavenger.

 

Product Number: 51317--9060-SG
ISBN: 9060 2017 CP
Author: Ben Folwell
Publication Date: 2017
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Seawater injection is regularly used for pressure maintenance in oilfields during secondary oil recovery. Typically oxygen is removed from the seawater via a process of mechanical deaeration and oxygen scavenger is added to remove final traces. An oxidizing biocide such as hypochlorite is commonly added at the seawater lift pumps to provide protection to the system from microbially influenced corrosion (MIC) up to the deaerator after which sulphite based oxygen scavengers will react with residual oxidizing biocides. Therefore the deaerator itself and the water injection pipelines downstream of the deaerator require protection from microbial contamination which is normally achieved through dosing a non-oxidizing biocide. Despite potential incompatibility issues non-oxidizing biocides and oxygen scavengers can be dosed simultaneously due to unavoidable operational issues with the operator having to choose between MIC and oxygen corrosion risks.John Crane has been able to compare the effectiveness on a consortium of sessile oilfield microorganisms of two commercially available biocides. One with the active ingredient isothiazolinone and the other with 22-dibromo-3-nitrilopropionamide (DBNPA). Tests have been carried out with and without the presence of a sulphite oxygen scavenger.Sessile microorganisms were grown in biofilms on carbon steel studs and exposed to isothiazolinone at 100 200 300 and 400 ppm and DBNPA at 100 ppm and 200 ppm in the presence and absence of ammonium hydrogen sulphite oxygen scavenger. After exposure times of two and four hours the microorganisms were enumerated using the most probable number (MPN) technique. Furthermore the sessile microorganisms were exposed to 400 ppm isothiazolinone and 200 ppm DBNPA for four hours in a dynamic flow loop system to determine the effectiveness of batch dosing over time. Regrowth of the microbial community was measured by MPN and residual microorganisms were identified using next generation sequencing (NGS).The methods employed showed that 400 ppm isothiazolinone produced a total kill of 84% after two hours without oxygen scavenger but only 52% with scavenger present. After four hours the effectiveness rates were 99% and 97%. The difference was more dramatic with 200 ppm DBNPA killing 95% of bacteria after two hours with no oxygen scavenger but only 25% when scavenger was present. After four hours the figures were 99% vs 88%. Therefore isothiazolinone appeared to be less affected by the presence of the oxygen scavenger than DBNPA.The significant reductions in biocide efficacy demonstrated highlight the importance of assessing and optimising multi-chemical regimes in seawater injection systems to minimize the overall corrosion threat from MIC and oxidative corrosion.

Key words: Microbial Influenced Corrosion, Biocides, Oxygen Scavengers.

Seawater injection is regularly used for pressure maintenance in oilfields during secondary oil recovery. Typically oxygen is removed from the seawater via a process of mechanical deaeration and oxygen scavenger is added to remove final traces. An oxidizing biocide such as hypochlorite is commonly added at the seawater lift pumps to provide protection to the system from microbially influenced corrosion (MIC) up to the deaerator after which sulphite based oxygen scavengers will react with residual oxidizing biocides. Therefore the deaerator itself and the water injection pipelines downstream of the deaerator require protection from microbial contamination which is normally achieved through dosing a non-oxidizing biocide. Despite potential incompatibility issues non-oxidizing biocides and oxygen scavengers can be dosed simultaneously due to unavoidable operational issues with the operator having to choose between MIC and oxygen corrosion risks.John Crane has been able to compare the effectiveness on a consortium of sessile oilfield microorganisms of two commercially available biocides. One with the active ingredient isothiazolinone and the other with 22-dibromo-3-nitrilopropionamide (DBNPA). Tests have been carried out with and without the presence of a sulphite oxygen scavenger.Sessile microorganisms were grown in biofilms on carbon steel studs and exposed to isothiazolinone at 100 200 300 and 400 ppm and DBNPA at 100 ppm and 200 ppm in the presence and absence of ammonium hydrogen sulphite oxygen scavenger. After exposure times of two and four hours the microorganisms were enumerated using the most probable number (MPN) technique. Furthermore the sessile microorganisms were exposed to 400 ppm isothiazolinone and 200 ppm DBNPA for four hours in a dynamic flow loop system to determine the effectiveness of batch dosing over time. Regrowth of the microbial community was measured by MPN and residual microorganisms were identified using next generation sequencing (NGS).The methods employed showed that 400 ppm isothiazolinone produced a total kill of 84% after two hours without oxygen scavenger but only 52% with scavenger present. After four hours the effectiveness rates were 99% and 97%. The difference was more dramatic with 200 ppm DBNPA killing 95% of bacteria after two hours with no oxygen scavenger but only 25% when scavenger was present. After four hours the figures were 99% vs 88%. Therefore isothiazolinone appeared to be less affected by the presence of the oxygen scavenger than DBNPA.The significant reductions in biocide efficacy demonstrated highlight the importance of assessing and optimising multi-chemical regimes in seawater injection systems to minimize the overall corrosion threat from MIC and oxidative corrosion.

Key words: Microbial Influenced Corrosion, Biocides, Oxygen Scavengers.

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