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Black Powder Formation by Dewing and Hygroscopic Corrosion Processes

Black powder production is poorly understood.  Steel specimens were systematically exposed to a range of CO2, H2S, and O2 partial pressures at differing water condensation rates. Hygroscopic material assisting black powder formation was also investigated.

Product Number: 51317--9029-SG
ISBN: 9029 2017 CP
Author: Martin Colahan
Publication Date: 2017
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$20.00
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The presence of black powder in natural gas pipelines can lead to equipment erosion valve failure instrumentation malfunction and increased pressure drop. However despite its impact on downstream and midstream operations black powder production is poorly understood. In the present work black powder formation as a result of corrosion was investigated by simulating sales gas conditions in a glass cell. Steel specimens were systematically exposed to a range of CO2 H2S and O2 partial pressures at differing water condensation rates. The potential for hygroscopic material assisting black powder formation was also investigated. Friable corrosion products found in dewing conditions consisted of siderite mackinawite and hematite. The expected mass of corrosion products as determined from experimental corrosion rates are in line with the high levels of black powder in field production. The presence of hygroscopic NaCl crystals facilitated corrosion at relative humidities as low as 33%.

Key words: Black Powder, Internal Corrosion, Sales Gas, Dewing, Hygroscopic

The presence of black powder in natural gas pipelines can lead to equipment erosion valve failure instrumentation malfunction and increased pressure drop. However despite its impact on downstream and midstream operations black powder production is poorly understood. In the present work black powder formation as a result of corrosion was investigated by simulating sales gas conditions in a glass cell. Steel specimens were systematically exposed to a range of CO2 H2S and O2 partial pressures at differing water condensation rates. The potential for hygroscopic material assisting black powder formation was also investigated. Friable corrosion products found in dewing conditions consisted of siderite mackinawite and hematite. The expected mass of corrosion products as determined from experimental corrosion rates are in line with the high levels of black powder in field production. The presence of hygroscopic NaCl crystals facilitated corrosion at relative humidities as low as 33%.

Key words: Black Powder, Internal Corrosion, Sales Gas, Dewing, Hygroscopic

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