Chinese translation. Intended to be a primary source of information on cracking in wet H2S petroleum refinery environments. Provides guidelines on detection, repair, and mitigation of cracking of existing carbon steel refinery pressure vessels, including columns, heat exchangers, drums, reboilers, separators, and more. In this standard, “wet H2S service” is defined as refinery process environments in which the concentration of H2S is 50 ppmw or greater in the aqueous phase. Thirteen tables show the frequency and severity of cracking as reported in a survey conducted on the topic. Examples of cracking are shown in photographs.PRINTED HARD COPIES REQUIRE A MINIMUM OF 7-10 DAYS FOR PROCESSING BEFORE SHIPPING.
This standard addresses corrosion of reinforcing steel in concrete, a serious problem throughout the world in parking structures, bridges and roadways, buildings, sanitary and water facilities, marine structures, concrete pipe, storage facilities, and other structures. This corrosion is directly attributable to the presence of significant amounts of aggressive substances at the steel surface. This standard provides procedures to control corrosion of conventional reinforcing steel in Portland cement concrete structures through the application of chloride extraction or realkalization. These electrochemical techniques are related to the use of impressed current cathodic protection of steel in concrete, as described in NACE SP0290. PRINTED HARD COPIES REQUIRE A MINIMUM OF 7-10 DAYS FOR PROCESSING BEFORE SHIPPING.
Presents guidelines for cathodic protection of reinforcing steel in concrete structures. The guidelines are limited to impressed current cathodic protection systems for new or existing atmospherically exposed reinforced concrete and are not intended for application to prestressed concrete. Criteria described include 100 mV polarization development/decay, statistical distribution analysis, and E-log I analysis. This standard includes sections that address criteria for achieving cathodic protection, design of ICCP systems, installation practices, energizing and system adjustment, operation and maintenance of ICCP systems, and records. PRINTED HARD COPIES REQUIRE A MINIMUM OF 7-10 DAYS FOR PROCESSING BEFORE SHIPPING.
Provides detailed recommendations for the use of rubber-lining protection on new and in-service equipment, including recommended dimensions and considerations in the design of equipment that is to be lined, as well as important factors to consider when choosing a rubber lining or adhesive. Installation and curing of rubber linings, including specific procedures for properly lining joints, flanges, and ends of pipe, are also covered. Recommended inspection and repair specifications are also outlined. PRINTED HARD COPIES REQUIRE A MINIMUM OF 7 DAYS FOR PROCESSING BEFORE SHIPPING.