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51318-11664-Corrosion of High Entropy Alloys in Molten Salts

Coupons of a multicomponent AlCoCrFeNi alloy and selected nickel-based alloys were exposed to a molten NaCl-Na2SO4 eutectic salt mixture at 700°C in the presence of a platinum-catalyzed SO2/air mixture.

Product Number: 51318-11664-SG
Author: Alexander Jalbuena / Jared Logier / J. C. Nava / Vilupanur Ravi / Shaik Adil / B.S Murty
Publication Date: 2018
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High Entropy Alloys (HEAs) are a new class of multicomponent alloys that contain five or more elements in equal or near-equal amounts in atomic percent, resulting in extraordinary mechanical properties. Turbine blades are one of many potential applications for HEAs. Gas turbine blades exposed to temperatures in the 650-900°C range in marine atmospheres, can be subject to accelerated corrosion beneath a thin molten eutectic salt film consisting of sodium chloride and sodium sulfate. This type of corrosion (Type II hot corrosion) can eventually lead to engineering failure. Understanding the corrosion behavior of HEAs in the presence of a thin fused film of these salts would therefore be relevant for this application.

In this study, coupons of a multicomponent AlCoCrFeNi alloy and selected nickel-based alloys were exposed to a molten NaCl-Na2SO4 eutectic salt mixture at 700°C in the presence of a platinum-catalyzed SO2/air mixture. In situ electrochemical techniques were utilized to characterize the corrosion behavior of these alloys. The morphology of the attack was studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) coupled with energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). The results are discussed and comparisons between the different alloy systems are made.

Key words: High entropy alloys, multicomponent, hot corrosion, gas turbine environments, nickel-based superalloys, sodium sulfate, sodium chloride

 

High Entropy Alloys (HEAs) are a new class of multicomponent alloys that contain five or more elements in equal or near-equal amounts in atomic percent, resulting in extraordinary mechanical properties. Turbine blades are one of many potential applications for HEAs. Gas turbine blades exposed to temperatures in the 650-900°C range in marine atmospheres, can be subject to accelerated corrosion beneath a thin molten eutectic salt film consisting of sodium chloride and sodium sulfate. This type of corrosion (Type II hot corrosion) can eventually lead to engineering failure. Understanding the corrosion behavior of HEAs in the presence of a thin fused film of these salts would therefore be relevant for this application.

In this study, coupons of a multicomponent AlCoCrFeNi alloy and selected nickel-based alloys were exposed to a molten NaCl-Na2SO4 eutectic salt mixture at 700°C in the presence of a platinum-catalyzed SO2/air mixture. In situ electrochemical techniques were utilized to characterize the corrosion behavior of these alloys. The morphology of the attack was studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) coupled with energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). The results are discussed and comparisons between the different alloy systems are made.

Key words: High entropy alloys, multicomponent, hot corrosion, gas turbine environments, nickel-based superalloys, sodium sulfate, sodium chloride

 

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