Search
Filters
Close

Save up to 75% off Clearance Books.  No promo code needed.  Shop Now

Evaluating Drying Time of Residual Hydrotest Water in Pipeline Crevices and Dead Legs

This work evaluated the effectiveness of the dewatering process after hydrotesting and examined the internal corrosion threat posed by residual water trapped in crevices - and water pushed into a dead leg – of a pipeline.

Product Number: 51317--8958-SG
ISBN: 8958 2017 CP
Author: Xihua He
Publication Date: 2017
$0.00
$20.00
$20.00

This work evaluated the effectiveness of the dewatering process after hydrotesting and examined the internal corrosion threat posed by residual water trapped in crevices and water pushed into a dead leg. A “time to dry” calculation for both cases was conducted based on pipeline operating conditions. Analysis of the evaporation of water trapped in crevices indicated that maintaining low pressures and high temperatures are the most effective measures for drying the trapped water. At the lowest pressure of 14.7 psi and at 100 oF trapped water can be dried in days. At increased pressure or decreased temperature a pipeline may become saturated with water vapor completely stopping evaporation. Other factors such as crevice geometry water content and water type had insignificant effects on water drying from a crevice. The geometry considered for water drying in a dead leg included the entire dead leg a section of the main line and a section of the lateral line in a horizontal orientation. Analysis indicated that gas flow in the main pipe forced the accumulated liquid water from the dead leg to move upstream in the main and subsequently evacuate through the lateral and pipe exit. The process of purging 99% of the liquid water from the dead leg was rapid usually within minutes into operation of the pipeline. However the small droplets streaks and globules of water that are left behind may take a longer time to evaporate or be purged. A sloped dead leg configuration may enable a standing pool of water to accumulate in the dead leg which would take substantially longer to evaporate than small water droplets.

Key words: Drying time, residual hydrotest water, crevices, dead legs

This work evaluated the effectiveness of the dewatering process after hydrotesting and examined the internal corrosion threat posed by residual water trapped in crevices and water pushed into a dead leg. A “time to dry” calculation for both cases was conducted based on pipeline operating conditions. Analysis of the evaporation of water trapped in crevices indicated that maintaining low pressures and high temperatures are the most effective measures for drying the trapped water. At the lowest pressure of 14.7 psi and at 100 oF trapped water can be dried in days. At increased pressure or decreased temperature a pipeline may become saturated with water vapor completely stopping evaporation. Other factors such as crevice geometry water content and water type had insignificant effects on water drying from a crevice. The geometry considered for water drying in a dead leg included the entire dead leg a section of the main line and a section of the lateral line in a horizontal orientation. Analysis indicated that gas flow in the main pipe forced the accumulated liquid water from the dead leg to move upstream in the main and subsequently evacuate through the lateral and pipe exit. The process of purging 99% of the liquid water from the dead leg was rapid usually within minutes into operation of the pipeline. However the small droplets streaks and globules of water that are left behind may take a longer time to evaporate or be purged. A sloped dead leg configuration may enable a standing pool of water to accumulate in the dead leg which would take substantially longer to evaporate than small water droplets.

Key words: Drying time, residual hydrotest water, crevices, dead legs

Also Purchased
Picture for 03572 CHEMICAL TREATMENT OPTIONS FOR HYDROTEST
Available for download

03572 CHEMICAL TREATMENT OPTIONS FOR HYDROTEST

Product Number: 51300-03572-SG
ISBN: 03572 2003 CP
Publication Date: 2003
$20.00
Picture for 10401 Prevention of Corrosion in Carbon Steel Pipelines Containing Hydrotest Water
Available for download

10401 Prevention of Corrosion in Carbon Steel Pipelines Containing Hydrotest Water-An Overview

Product Number: 51300-10401-SG
ISBN: 10401 2010 CP
Author: Adam Darwin, Karthik Annadorai and Krista Heidersbach
Publication Date: 2010
$20.00
Picture for 10404 Protection Against Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion by Effective Treatment
Available for download

10404 Protection Against Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion by Effective Treatment and Monitoring During Hydrotest Shut-In

Product Number: 51300-10404-SG
ISBN: 10404 2010 CP
Author: Joseph E. Penkala, Jennifer Fichter, and
Publication Date: 2010
$20.00