Search
Filters
Close

Get BIG discounts on selected titles from NACE and SSPC.  Shop Now

51318-10893-Internal Corrosion Monitoring in Natural Gas Pipelines using Fe Thin Film Coated Optics

Fe thin films of different thicknesses on quartz substrates were tested in CO2 saturated 3.5%wt. NaCl solutions. The effects of CO2 and thickness on corrosion were studied using optical transmission technique and in situ electrochemical method.

Product Number: 51318-10893-SG
Author: Ruishu F. Wright / Margaret Ziomek-Moroz / Paul R. Ohodnicki, Jr
Publication Date: 2018
$0.00
$20.00
$20.00

Internal corrosion can occur in the natural gas transmission pipelines when aqueous electrolytes are present. The presence of water results from the condensation of wet gas or liquid water from upstream plant upsets. Dissolved contaminants such as salts, CO2, and H2S make the electrolyte more corrosive. The ability to monitor internal corrosion in natural gas transmission pipelines before it occurs could have a significant impact on preventing methane leaks as well as catastrophic events resulting from corrosion. A recent concept for early corrosion on-set detection involves the use of proxy materials integrated with the optical fiber sensor platform that corrode at a rate which provides insight into the conditions for which pipeline corrosion is expected to occur. Successful realization of this class of sensors requires a detailed understanding of the corrosion behavior of relevant thin film systems. In support of this goal, Fe thin film of different thicknesses (25, 50, 100 nm) on quartz substrates were tested in CO2 saturated 3.5%wt. NaCl solutions at 30 oC. The effects of CO2 and thickness on the corrosion of Fe thin films were studied using optical transmission technique and in situ electrochemical method. The increase in light transmission corresponded to the corrosion of Fe thin films. CO2 accelerated the corrosion of Fe thin films due to the lower pH and promoted corrosion reactions, resulting in a faster increase of light transmission over time than without CO2. While the corrosion rate (CR) increased with the film thickness, the CR of Fe thin films were of the same order of magnitude with the API 5L X65 bulk pipeline material, verifying that Fe thin films can serve as a corrosion proxy when integrated with the optical fiber based sensing platform.

Key words: Corrosion sensor; Fe thin film; Optical sensing; Internal corrosion

Internal corrosion can occur in the natural gas transmission pipelines when aqueous electrolytes are present. The presence of water results from the condensation of wet gas or liquid water from upstream plant upsets. Dissolved contaminants such as salts, CO2, and H2S make the electrolyte more corrosive. The ability to monitor internal corrosion in natural gas transmission pipelines before it occurs could have a significant impact on preventing methane leaks as well as catastrophic events resulting from corrosion. A recent concept for early corrosion on-set detection involves the use of proxy materials integrated with the optical fiber sensor platform that corrode at a rate which provides insight into the conditions for which pipeline corrosion is expected to occur. Successful realization of this class of sensors requires a detailed understanding of the corrosion behavior of relevant thin film systems. In support of this goal, Fe thin film of different thicknesses (25, 50, 100 nm) on quartz substrates were tested in CO2 saturated 3.5%wt. NaCl solutions at 30 oC. The effects of CO2 and thickness on the corrosion of Fe thin films were studied using optical transmission technique and in situ electrochemical method. The increase in light transmission corresponded to the corrosion of Fe thin films. CO2 accelerated the corrosion of Fe thin films due to the lower pH and promoted corrosion reactions, resulting in a faster increase of light transmission over time than without CO2. While the corrosion rate (CR) increased with the film thickness, the CR of Fe thin films were of the same order of magnitude with the API 5L X65 bulk pipeline material, verifying that Fe thin films can serve as a corrosion proxy when integrated with the optical fiber based sensing platform.

Key words: Corrosion sensor; Fe thin film; Optical sensing; Internal corrosion

Also Purchased