Several experiences with the use of titanium heat exchangers in refining processes are summarized. These involve distillation column overhead condensers in atmospheric crude distilling units, fluid catalytic cracking units, delayed coking units, and sour water strippers. The causes of problems are discussed. Needs for additional data are highlighted.
There has been recent interest in the use of hydrogen flux monitoring at high temperatures to evaluate ‘naphthenic acid’ and sulfidic corrosion in high temperature process streams associated with crude distillation units. In this report, we present flux and corrosion data obtained from samples drawn from a refinery process stream.
As a result of a Carbonate Stress Corrosion Cracking (CSCC) event at one refinery an investigation was made into the cause and mitigation of CSCC. This paper outlines the information obtained and the development of tools that could be utilized by other refinery fluidized catalytic cracker units (FCCU's) to better assess risk of CSCC.
The corrosivity of four mercaptans and selected crude oil fractions were measured in lab tests. Conclusion: Mercaptan corrosion can contribute significantly to the total sulfur related corrosion in the temperature range 235–300°C, which agrees with observations of elevated temperature corrosion in refinery distillation equipment.
Corrosion under Insulation (CUI) and External Corrosion continue to be a major issue for Petrochemical facilities. Refineries have been investing in a CUI and External Corrosion inspection program. This paper details the methodology for addressing this damage and lessons learned throughout the implementation.