A major fire in a Reactor Effluent Air Cooler (REAC) of the Hydrocracker Unit (HCU). Visual inspection was made on the failed portion. Metallurgical investigation, macrostructural and microstructural analysis, Scanning Electron Microscopy, and Energy Dispersive x-ray Spectroscopy was conducted on the failed air cooler.
Mineral Scales and Deposits: Scientific and Technological Approaches presents, in an integrated way, the problem of scale deposits (precipitation/crystallization of sparingly-soluble salts) in aqueous systems, both industrial and biological.
Scale deposits (precipitation/crystallization of sparingly-soluble salts) in aqueous systems, industrial & biological. Mechanisms of scale formation. Crystal growth. Mechanistic details. Prediction. Inhibition/dispersion chemistry. Mitigation. 2015 Elsevier