Observations and guidelines to conduct hydrostatic pressure tests of pipelines and/or process equipment. Concerns for hydrostatic pressure tests relate to the water itself, including any suspended solids, dissolved oxygen, or any Sulfate Reducing Bacteria (SRB) or Acid Producing Bacteria (APB) present in the test water.
The alloys (used in chem/process industries) are usually in the solution annealed condition & must be fast cooled from the annealing temperature to prevent the precipitation of third phases such as sigma chi nitrides & alpha prime. This paper describes a reactivation test to detect alpha prime - used with 22%Cr and 25% Cr alloys. Case studies.
Corrosion in modern paper mills accounts for 30+% of maintenance expenses. Molecular microbiological methods (MMM): • Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and QuantArray were employed to examine MIC at four paper mills each with unique process characteristics and construction materials in the affected areas.