It is possible to design, construct, and perform experiments with a modular corrosion loop allowing a detailed investigation of corrosion processes. The instrument described in this paper was aimed at validating the experimental concept via testing a material that is susceptible to erosion-corrosion.
Erosion is defined by NACE International as “The progressive loss of material from a solid surface resulting from mechanical interaction between that surface and a fluid, a multicomponent fluid, or solid particles carried with the fluid.”
This SP provides guidance on internal erosion and erosion-corrosion management. Guidance is given for erosion and erosion-corrosion threat assessment/prediction, barrier selection, monitoring, inspection, risk assessment and data management. This SP covers mainly sand caused erosion. However, the guidance in this document can be used for other solid particles.
This SP is applicable to tubular products, e.g., tubing, pipelines, flowlines, risers, valves, and piping systems.
NEW EDITION: The Second Edition of this classic handbook combines Volumes 1 and 2 of the First Edition into a single volume, adding updated commentary and many new case histories. Mechanisms and numerous case histories illustrate general, localized and galvanic corrosion, environmental cracking, erosion-corrosion, cavitation, fretting, intergranular attack, dealloying, and high-temperature corrosion.
This book presents detailed corrosion mechanisms and case histories of a wide variety of corrosion problems from chemical plants, oil production and refining, utilities, pipelines, transport by air, land, and sea, electronics, and the preservation of historical artifacts. The uses of advanced analytical techniques such as electron microscopy, metallography, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, Aüger spectroscopy and electrochemical techniques are presented to illustrate their utility in corrosion failure investigations.