An advanced grade of super-austenitic stainless steel with a reduced content of nickel offers a significant economic advantage over nickel-base CRA’s. As the alloy is readily fabricated by conventional techniques, it is an excellent candidate for a variety of applications in the chemical, petrochemical, mining, oil and gas, and refining industries.
Superduplex stainless steels have been used in seawater systems since 1986 as castings and since 1990 as wrought product. The present paper describes some of the service environments commonly in use and the conditions that give rise to specific operating potentials. The limits of use under these conditions are described utilizing both laboratory and service experience.
Galvele introduced a new framework for localized corrosion with his seminal paper on acidification and chloride accumulation in pits & the need for a critical product of current density & pit depth to sustain this chemistry. This paper is to review the progress in these areas with a particular focus on repassivation potential.
This study focuses on a better understanding of significant pitting corrosion on coating surface damaged carbon steels, or low alloy steels, during salt spray testing for automotive applications. Anodic cyclic polarization test was used to evaluate the severity of pitting corrosion, and to estimate the corrosion rate of raw materials.
This paper presents an expanded laboratory test database on critical corrosion modes for UNS R55400 pipe exposed to relevant oilfield production environments which include sour well fluid brines, a heavy chloride/bromide brine well completion fluid, injected methanol, organic acid- and HCl-based well acidizing solutions, and seawater.