This research effort was designed to evaluate stress-oriented hydrogen-induced cracking (SOHIC) behavior of a broad range of advanced plate steels (0.002 wt% sulfur) that were not produced to enhance resistance to cracking in wet H2S environments. Test results indicated that SOHIC resistance was adversely affected by microstructural (ferrite/pearlite) banding. However, additional factors also played a role in determining SOHIC behavior.
SINTEF (a Norwegian research Co.) made studies of the sensitivity to hydrogen embrittlement (HE) of super 13Cr martensitic stainless steels. These tests are summarised in this paper. Both slow strain rate (SSR), 4-point-bend and fracture mechanics testing have been conducted. The effect of temperature, cathodic protection (CP), applied potential, strain rate and H2S were investigated.
Sour service behavior of a 110ksi material was investigated in a range of production environments. Slow strain rate tests were performed at a strain rate of 510-7/s, in sweet as well as in sour production environments. The strain to failure in sweet environments is lower than the in-air values and is substantially lower in the presence of H2S.
The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the possibility of testing full sized connections in sour environments. It is also intended to demonstrate to the industry that the pipe body is possibly more susceptible to cracking than is the premium connection fabricated from the same susceptible material.
Hydrogen Induced Cracking (HIC) can be a major issue for line pipe exposed to sour environments. In this study, influence of the test solutions on HIC evaluation was investigated from the view point of corrosion. Electrochemical measurements were employed to compare corrosion behavior of line pipe steels between the 0.93N acetate buffer solution and the conventional 0.05N acetate solution.
The internal corrosion of pipeline steel in the presence of hydrogen sulfide (H₂S) represents a significant problem in oil and gas industry. In the present study, experimentation was conducted to better resolve the direct reduction of H₂S while minimizing the effect of the anodic reaction by using a passive stainless steel working electrode.
We have identified a class of inhibitory molecules that abrogate sulfidogenesis in oilfield produced fluids. Bottle tests and laboratory-scale bioreactors to mimic field conditions, found that very low doses of two versions of this class of compounds were found to effectively prevent H2S generation.