This study reports the results of laboratory investigations in pressurized high-temperature carbon-rich environments simulating operations in syngas production and root cause failure analysis and laboratory analysis simulations in refinery platformer operations. The results rank a variety of stainless steels and Ni alloys.
Coking is carbon deposition from a gas phase that is encountered in many reforming, cracking and other high temperature processes. An experimental high temperature coking atmosphere was constructed and used to evaluate the effects of temperature, time and metal surface roughness on the carbon deposition of an alumina forming alloy.
UNS S31400 stainless steel was tested as a reactor material for a thermal cracking process of agricultural, silvicultural, industrial and anthropogenic resources containing HCl. This material was chosen as it offers proper corrosion resistance in hot gases besides a good price and a high availability.