This study reports the results of laboratory investigations in pressurized high-temperature carbon-rich environments simulating operations in syngas production and root cause failure analysis and laboratory analysis simulations in refinery platformer operations. The results rank a variety of stainless steels and Ni alloys.
Material requirements for resistance to sulfide stress cracking (SSC) in sour refinery process environments (i.e., environments that contain wet hydrogen sulfide [H2S]). AKA "wet H2S cracking".
CORRECTION OF PUBLICATION:
In January 2016, NACE published an incorrect version of ANSI/NACE MR0103/ISO 17945:2015 (Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries — Metallic materials resistant to sulfide stress cracking in corrosive petroleum refining environments). That document was incorrectly titled ANSI/NACE MR0103/ISO 17495:2016. The erroneous standard was retracted at the time and the NACE Store has the corrected version. NOTE: The contents of both versions of the standard are identical. The only discrepancies are in the title.
HISTORICAL DOCUMENT. This NACE Standard establishes material requirements for resistance to sulfide stress cracking (SSC) in sour refinery process environments, i.e., environments that contain wet hydrogen sulfide (H2S). It is intended to be used by refineries, equipment manufacturers, engineering contractors, and construction contractors.
In this paper, a detailed analysis was performed to define the variance between both Nickel alloys 825 and 625 Multi-alloys. A comprehensive experiment and testing was done to evaluate both mechanical and chemical properties for the flanges with weld overlay, fittings and pipe components. The results of the study indicated several challenges and the gaps between both materials. Therefore, an initiative was led to promote the current process in order to prevent reoccurrence and mitigate associated consequences of failure by investigating and defining the root cause analysis. In order to ensure bridging the gaps, the paper concludes with a list of recommendations for the actions taken towards the material and vendor quality in order to proceed forward with the corrective actions and precautions for utilization whenever different PMI readings are found in cladding to continue supplying high quality products as expected.