In November 2011 a 5 month old baby unfortunately got killed in a Dutch swimming pool because 2 speakers and a speaker frame landed on her head. This paper will describe how this accident could happen and what has been done in the Netherlands since 2001 when the entire ceiling and airchannels came down in another swimming pool (luckily this occured during closing time).
The market for protective linings in the oil and gas sector has evolved in the last 30 years, reflecting on both increased performance demands and productivity demands. This paper will review the successes seen with tank linings and the changes seen within the market (legislative, HSE and more aggressive conditions), later, via a case study it will elaborate how these have steered R&D in the development of the next generation of high-performance linings.
Finally, the relevance of the American Petroleum Guidance (API652 and 653) to establish their continued relevance in lining selection and inspection intervals will be reviewed along with the utilization of linings to support changing demands (increased life expectancy and inspection intervals).