This paper discusses common amine sources and amine identification methods, the equipment commonly impacted and the steps which can be taken to address the challenge of amine contamination.
This paper discusses the chemistry and fate of two commonly used triazine H2S scavengers and their reaction by-products with respect to their impact on crude unit overhead corrosion and fouling.
This paper describes three corrosion case histories caused by overconfidence and lack of thorough understanding of the corroding systems. 1. Exchanger tube failure. 2. Hydrogen induced cracking. 3. Inappropriate mixing of process streams.
The purpose of this paper will be to: (a) review published literature to characterize and classify speciation related to the types of impurities encountered in opportunity crudes; and (b) describe and categorize published case studies of corrosion in crude unit overhead operations.
This study describes the functionalization of a hybrid sol-gel polymeric coating with MOLY or ZAPP corrosion inhibitors and viable endospores of Bacillus licheniformis isolate (B6).
A new sensor has been developed that can discriminate between abiotic and biotic based deposits by utilizing heat transfer reduction sensory with ultrasonic detection of materials on the same surface.
Black tar-like fouling material was driving frequent shut-downs of a gas plant. Analysis indicated that the nitrogen containing corrosion inhibitor (CI) polymerized with sulfur compounds in a vulcanization process. Testing confirmed the role of the CI in creating this fouling.
Establishment of criteria for the pilot-scale evaluation of the performance of cooling water additives under field-specific operating conditions.
Compilation on inboard & outboard coating technologies, ballast tanks & hull anti-fouling. Properties, performances, testing, applications. For coating specifiers, painters, inspectors, maintenance engineers & owners. 2017 NACE
Written for Plant Operators, Process Engineers, Metallurgists, Maintenance Engineers, Inspectors, and all others who deal with crude unit corrosion and fouling. Based on industrial experience and reflects Industry’s consensus. 3rd edition 2016 NACE, API.
Water-using cooling & heating systems in buildings. Minimizing system damage d/t corrosion. Design of HVAC systems to understand and minimize problems. Does not address potable water systems.