Thermodynamic scale prediction and laboratorial kinetic study are two of the major scale risk assessment methods applied in the oil and gas industry.
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To address the need to predict scaling at conditions ranging from ambient to extreme, a thermodynamic model has been developed to represent the solubility of scaling minerals at temperatures up to 300 °C and pressures up to 1,700 atmospheres.
Electrochemical reactions occurring in an aqueous medium near an electrode. Pourbaix pH diagrams predict equilibrium states of reactions (involved in corrosion) between an element, its ions, and its solid and gaseous compounds in the presence of water. 1974 NACE
A collection of technical articles and conference papers on carbon dioxide corrosion mechanisms. This Volume 1 focuses on thermodynamics and kinetics of the corrosion process & iron carbonate scale formation. 2017 NACE
Second of two volume set on carbon dioxide corrosion mechanism. Collection of technical articles & conference papers over the past 30 years. Metallurgical and microstructural aspects of steel play a role in this corrosion mechanism. 2017 NACE
Designed for students, the book focuses on the fundamentals of electrochemical aspects of corrosion, emphasizing the potential-pH equilibrium diagrams known the world over as Pourbaix diagrams. 1995 NACE
General background & basic theory, conventions, and applications of reference electrodes. Exhaustive accounts, with bibliographies, of experimental methods for reliable reference electrodes. Mechanistic and thermodynamic viewpoint. 1996 NACE