Optimized solutions for long service-life of concrete structures in aggressive environments. Collecting data on structures. Extracting and testing cores from selected elements. Data input to a mechanistic chloride transport model. Remediation scenarios modeled. The cost of each scenario can be compared. Case studies.
The “Field Guide for Managing Iron Sulfide (Black Powder) within Pipelines or Processing Equipment” offers practical guidance for corrosion control and operations personnel in managing black powder within their pipeline systems or processing equipment. It starts with a discussion of what is black powder and identifies health and safety considerations associated with H2S and the presence of black powder, identifying why there may be a concern. The Field Guide presents field and laboratory tests typically used to identify the presence of iron sulfide, and then discusses maintenance pigging and/or chemical treatments for removing such particulates. Several case studies are also presented.
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