Superduplex stainless steels have been used in seawater systems since 1986 as castings and since 1990 as wrought product. The present paper describes some of the service environments commonly in use and the conditions that give rise to specific operating potentials. The limits of use under these conditions are described utilizing both laboratory and service experience.
Galvele introduced a new framework for localized corrosion with his seminal paper on acidification and chloride accumulation in pits & the need for a critical product of current density & pit depth to sustain this chemistry. This paper is to review the progress in these areas with a particular focus on repassivation potential.
In this research, the focus was corrosion behavior of two stainless steels (UNS S30400 and UNS S31600) and a carbon steel (UNS G10180). These were tested at 700°C in a molten NaCl-KCl-MgCl₂ eutectic salt in static air and flowing argon. Electrochemical techniques were used to characterize the corrosion behavior.m
Material requirements for resistance to sulfide stress cracking (SSC) in sour refinery process environments (i.e., environments that contain wet hydrogen sulfide [H2S]). AKA "wet H2S cracking".
CORRECTION OF PUBLICATION:
In January 2016, NACE published an incorrect version of ANSI/NACE MR0103/ISO 17945:2015 (Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries — Metallic materials resistant to sulfide stress cracking in corrosive petroleum refining environments). That document was incorrectly titled ANSI/NACE MR0103/ISO 17495:2016. The erroneous standard was retracted at the time and the NACE Store has the corrected version. NOTE: The contents of both versions of the standard are identical. The only discrepancies are in the title.
This NACE Standard establishes material requirements for resistance to sulfide stress cracking (SSC) in sour refinery process environments, i.e., environments that contain wet hydrogen sulfide (H2S). It is intended to be used by refineries, equipment manufacturers, engineering contractors, and construction contractors.