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CorrCompilation: Advancements for Control of Inorganic Scale, Volume 2
Available for download

CorrCompilation: Advancements for Control of Inorganic Scale, Volume 2 (e-book)

Product Number: 37649-e
ISBN: 978-1-57590-392-7
Author: edited by Wayne W. Frenier, FNACE
$125.00

This CorrCompilation series focuses primarily on equilibrium-formed scales, where an aqueous fluid changes from an unsaturated equilibrium state to a saturated and supersaturated state and then solids may start to form. These types of fouling minerals include alkaline earth salts, silicates, alkaline salts (NaCl), sulfides, and under specific circumstances, metal sulfide salts that form through equilibrium changes. While corrosion product scales are not the subject of this book, the importance of corrosion product layers to the deposition of other scales will be described.

 

Since this is a CorrCompilation and more than 90 copies of NACE papers are included, the work is published in four volumes. The editor, Wayne W. Frenier, FNACE, provides an extensive introduction to each volume, offering the reader a thorough mix of history, theory, and engineering techniques and methods for addressing scale.

Volume 1: Introduction to Equipment Subject to Inorganic Scale

Volume 2: Current Mechanisms for Understanding Inorganic Scale Formation and Deposition

Volume 3: Chemistry and Application of Scale Inhibitors

Volume 4: Alternative Methods of Scale Control 

Predicting where, when, and, most importantly, how much scale will deposit and adhere to a critical surface has proven to be very challenging. This second volume, "Current Mechanisms for Understanding Inorganic Scale Formation and Deposition,"  will review literature for both the formation and deposition of the primary fouling mineral scales, CaCO3, CaSO4(X•H2O), BaSO4, metal sulfides, and silica/silicates.

CorrCompilation: Advancements for Control of Inorganic Scale, Volume 3
Available for download

CorrCompilation: Advancements for Control of Inorganic Scale, Volume 3 (e-book)

Product Number: 37650-e
ISBN: 978-1-57590-393-4
Author: edited by Wayne W. Frenier, FNACE
$125.00
CorrCompilation: Advancements for Control of Inorganic Scale, Volume 4
Available for download

CorrCompilation: Advancements for Control of Inorganic Scale, Volume 4 (e-book)

Product Number: 37651-e
ISBN: 978-1-57590-394-1
Author: edited by Wayne W. Frenier, FNACE
Publication Date: 2019
$125.00

This CorrCompilation series focuses primarily on equilibrium-formed scales, where an aqueous fluid changes from an unsaturated equilibrium state to a saturated and supersaturated state and then solids may start to form. These types of fouling minerals include alkaline earth salts, silicates, alkaline salts (NaCl), sulfides, and under specific circumstances, metal sulfide salts that form through equilibrium changes. While corrosion product scales are not the subject of this book, the importance of corrosion product layers to the deposition of other scales will be described.

Since this is a CorrCompilation and more than 90 copies of NACE papers are attached, the work is published in four volumes. The editor, Wayne W. Frenier, FNACE, provides an extensive introduction to each volume, offering the reader a thorough mix of history, theory, and engineering techniques and methods for addressing scale.

Volume 1: Introduction to Equipment Subject to Inorganic Scale

Volume 2: Current Mechanisms for Understanding Inorganic Scale Formation and Deposition

Volume 3: Chemistry and Application of Scale Inhibitors

Volume 4: Alternative Methods of Scale Control 

This fourth volume, "Alternative Methods of Scale Control," reviews methods for controlling inorganic scale that provide alternatives to chemical SI methods or those that may be used with SIs to enhance management for an entire connected system. The first sections (1 and 2) describe non-chemical methods such as anti-scaling surfaces and electronic methods for reducing scale deposition.

CorrCompilation: Advancements for Control of Inorgranic Scale, Volume 1
Available for download

CorrCompilation: Advancements for Control of Inorgranic Scale, Volume 1 (e-book)

Product Number: 37648-e
ISBN: 978-1-57590-391-0
Author: edited by Wayne W. Frenier, FNACE
Publication Date: 2019
$125.00

This CorrCompilation focuses primarily on equilibrium-formed scales, where an aqueous fluid changes from an unsaturated equilibrium state to a saturated and supersaturated state and then solids may start to form. These types of fouling minerals include alkaline earth salts, silicates, alkaline salts (NaCl), sulfides, and under specific circumstances, metal sulfide salts that form through equilibrium changes. While corrosion product scales are not the subject of this book, the importance of corrosion product layers to the deposition of other scales will be described.

 

Since this is a CorrCompilation and more than 90 copies of NACE papers are included, the work is published in four volumes. The editor, Wayne W. Frenier, FNACE, provides an extensive introduction to each volume, offering the reader a thorough mix of history, theory, and engineering techniques and methods for addressing scale.

 

Volume 1: Introduction to Equipment Subject to Inorganic Scale

 

Volume 2: Current Mechanisms for Understanding Inorganic Scale Formation and Deposition

 

Volume 3: Chemistry and Application of Scale Inhibitors

 

Volume 4: Alternative Methods of Scale Control

 

This volume, “Introduction to Equipment Subject to Inorganic Scale,” describes the general types of oil and gas and industrial facilities that can be affected and frequently disabled by the formation and build-up of inorganic scale. This volume also describes many lab and field tests that are used to evaluate scaling and scale control methods.

 

NACE 2019 e-book

Picture for Nanotechnology-Based Detection Method for Speciation and Differentiation of Phosphonate Scale Inhibitors
Available for download

Nanotechnology-Based Detection Method for Speciation and Differentiation of Phosphonate Scale Inhibitors

Product Number: 51320-14913-SG
Author: Sankaran Murugesan, Haiping Lu, Zhengwei Liu, Stephen Heath
Publication Date: 2020
$20.00
Picture for The Development of Novel Laboratory Test Method on Evaluation of Scale Inhibition and Dispersancy for Cooling Water Applications
Available for download

The Development of Novel Laboratory Test Method on Evaluation of Scale Inhibition and Dispersancy for Cooling Water Applications

Product Number: 51320-14491-SG
Author: Haiping Lu, Tim Underwood, Zhenning Gu, Bingbing Gu
Publication Date: 2020
$20.00

Scale control is vital for cooling water operations, and evaluation of best-fit scale inhibitors for the application is essential, for the scale treatment. One of the traditional test methods for industrial water scale inhibitor screening is static bottle testing. Recently, in other industries, Kinetic Turbidity Test (KTT) has gained more acceptance for scale inhibitor evaluation. KTT uses an Ultraviolet-Visible (UV-Vis) spectrophotometer to monitor scale formation at various dosages of tested products, as function of reaction time. The technology can provide minimum dosage recommendations for the treatment with selected inhibitors, and give the insight on scale formation kinetics and mechanism, under the effects of different types of scale inhibitors.  

Polymer dispersancy in waters with particulates such as iron oxide and clay, is also an important characteristic to evaluate, in systems with high levels of suspended solids or fine particles. Previously(currently), this testing was conducted in bottles where the turbidity of solutions were measured by pipette transfer to a cuvette and turbidity meter, providing one data point at a certain time. Kinetic turbidity testing can continuously and simultaneously monitor and record turbidity changes with time, under the effects of various polymer dispersants and dosages. This capability provides more thorough and objective data, for scale control product evaluation.
This paper presents the approach to evaluate scale control chemistries for industrial applications by KTT, and compares the KTT test data, with bottle test results. The laboratory testing results show that KTT provides a fast and data-driven approach for evaluating performance of scale inhibitors and dispersants.