This reprint of the original 1961 text provides the necessary general background in relation to basic theory, conventions, and applications of reference electrodes. It includes critical and reasonably exhaustive accounts, with full bibliographies, of the experimental methods by which most reliable reference electrodes may be set up. Topics are examined from both a mechanistic and thermodynamic viewpoint. Reprinted in 1996 by NACE with permission of Academic Press Inc., 6” x 9”, softbound, 660 pages, figures, tables, references, bibliographies, author, subject index, LOC No. 60-16910.